Rig Pass petroleum Course in Gujjar khan30355308651 month ago Rawalpindi, Pakistan Ad Views:108 Ad ID: 18134
Rig Pass petroleum Course in Gujjar khan3035530865
Definition - What does Drilling Rig mean? A DrillingRig is a piece of equipment that is used to create holes or wellbores in theearth\'s surface. Rigs are massive structures that house all the drillingequipment on board. Some of the major components of a drilling rig are: Mudtanks Mud pumps Mast / Derrick Top drive also known as rotary table Drillstring Draw works Primary power generation equipment & 3035530865auxiliary power generationequipment. Petropedia explains Drilling Rig Drilling rigs are one of the mostimportant machines in the E&P activities of the Oil and Gas Industry. Theycan be massive or small to medium sized structures. The small to medium sizedrigs are also called mobile rigs as they are mounted on trucks or trailers andcan be easily transferred from one location to another location on wheels. Themassive structure rigs can be either onshore rigs or offshore rigs. Onshorerigs are rigs that perform drilling activities on land, whereas offshore rigsare rigs that perform drilling activities in sea or ocean. Some of the types ofdrilling rigs used are as follows: 3035530865 Land Rigs (onshore rigs) Barge Rigs (operates inshallow water) Jack up Rigs (operates in water at a depth of 500 ft)Semi-Submersible Anchored / Moored Rigs (operates in water up to depths of10,000 ft) Dynamically positioned vessel for Deep or Ultra Deep Water drilling(up to 12,000 ft).
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Oil has been used for lighting purposes for manythousands of years. In areas where oil is found in shallow reservoirs, seeps ofcrude oil or gas may naturally develop, and some oil could simply be collectedfrom seepage or tar ponds. Oil Creek Valley, the Phillips well on the rightinitially produced 4,000 2 barrels per day in October, 1861, and the Woodfordwell on the left came in at 1,500 barrels per day in July, 1862. The oil wascollected in the wooden tank pictured in the foreground. As you will no doubtnotice, there are many different-sized barrels in the background. At this time,barrel size had not been standardized, which made statements like \"oil isselling at $5 per barrel\" very confusing (today a barrel is 159 liters(see units on p. 141). But even in those days, overproduction was something tobe avoided. When the \"Empire well\" was completed in September 1861,it produced 3,000 barrels per day, flooding the market, and the price of oilplummeted to 10 cents a barrel. In some ways, we see the same effect today.When new shale gas fields in the US are constrained by the capacity of theexisting oil and gas pipeline network, it results in bottlenecks and low pricesat the production site. Soon, oil had replaced most other fuels for motorizedtransport. The automobile industry developed at the end of the 19th century,and quickly adopted oil as fuel. Gasoline engines were essential for designingsuccessful aircraft. Ships driven by oil could move up to twice as fast astheir coalpowered counterparts, a vital military advantage. Gas was burned offor left in the ground. Despite attempts at gas transportation as far back as1821, it was not until after World War II that welding techniques, piperolling, and metallurgical advances allowed for the construction of reliablelong distance pipelines, creating a natural gas industry boom. At the sametime, the petrochemical industry with its new plastic materials quicklyincreased production. Even now, gas production is gaining market share asliquefied natural gas (LNG) provides an economical way of transporting gas fromeven the remotest sites. With the appearance of automobiles and more advancedconsumers, it was necessary to improve and standardize the marketable products.Refining was necessary to divide the crude in fractions that could be blendedto precise specifications. As value shifted from refining to upstreamproduction, it became even more essential for refineries to increase high-valuefuel yield from a variety of crudes. From 10-40% gasoline for crude a centuryago, a modern refinery can get up to 70% gasoline from the same quality crudethrough a variety of advanced reforming and cracking processes. Chemicalsderived from petroleum or natural gas – petrochemicals – are an essential partof the chemical industry today. Petrochemistry is a fairly young 3 industry; itonly started to grow in the 1940s, more than 80 years after the drilling of thefirst commercial oil well. During World War II, the demand for syntheticmaterials to replace costly and sometimes less efficient products caused thepetrochemical industry to develop into a major player in modern economy andsociety. Before then, it was a tentative, experimental sector, starting withbasic materials: • Synthetic rubbers in the 1900s
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